Privacy policy

Your participation in this research project is voluntary and your answers will remain totally anonymous.

The data collected in this study will be utilized solely for scientific research, without any intent to use them for commercial or political purposes. The data will be stored on our own server, in Gravelines (France). You have no obligation to answer questions you do not feel comfortable with. We do not keep track of IP addresses, web browser settings, or any other means by which you could be identified.

If you have any questions, please contact us at [].

Any complaint about this research project may be addressed to the ombudsman of the Université de Montréal by phone [01(514)343-2100] or by email [ombudsman(at)].


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Golden Football in Stadium Sergio Agüero By joshjdss - West Ham United Vs Manchester City], CC BY 2.0, Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang By Tim.Reckmann - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Gareth Bale By, CC BY-SA 3.0, Gianluigi Buffon By Puma - (cropped), CC BY 3.0, Cristiano Ronaldo By, CC BY-SA 3.0, Kevin De Bruyne By joshjdss - West Ham United Vs Manchester City, CC BY 2.0, Paulo Dybala By Photo by Alessandra De Luca from ItaliaCropped and retouched by Danyele - IMG_1586 (original photo), CC BY 2.0, Diego Godín By Ailura - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 at, Antoine Griezmann By Photo by Anish Morarji from St Albans, EnglandCropped and retouched by Danyele - (original photo), CC BY 2.0, Gonzalo Higuaín By Екатерина Лаут -, CC BY-SA 3.0, Zlatan Ibrahimović By Photo by ArdfernCropped and retouched by Danyele - Original photo, CC BY-SA 4.0, Andrés Iniesta By, CC BY-SA 3.0, Koke By Carlos Delgado, CC BY-SA 3.0, Toni Kroos By DSanchez17 from St Albans, England - This file was derived from  Toni Kroos - CdR - RM v ATL.jpg:Copa del Rey - Real Madrid vs Atlético Madrid, CC BY 3.0, Robert Lewandowski By, CC BY-SA 3.0, Hugo Lloris By, CC BY-SA 3.0, Riyad Mahrez By Clément Bucco-Lechat - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Lionel Messi By, CC BY-SA 3.0, Luka Modrić By, CC BY-SA 3.0, Thomas Müller By Michael Kranewitter - File:FIFA WC-qualification 2014 - Austria vs. Germany 2012-09-11 - Thomas Müller 01.JPG, CC BY 3.0 at, Manuel Neuer By Michael Kranewitter - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Neymar By Agencia de Noticias ANDES - ECUADOR vs BRASIL, CC BY-SA 2.0, Dimitri Payet By Egghead06 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Pepe By, CC BY-SA 3.0, Paul Pogba By Photo by ArdfernCropped and retouched by Danyele - Original photo, CC BY-SA 4.0, Rui Patrício By Hurtuv - Camera, no flash.Previously published: none, CC BY-SA 4.0, Sergio Ramos By Ruben Ortega - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Luis Suárez By Ailura - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 at, Jamie Vardy By Pioeb - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Arturo Vidal By Fanny Schertzer - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Research team

The persons in charge of this study are Jean-François Laslier, Luc Arrondel, André Blais, Chris Anderson, David F. Sally, and Karine Van der Straeten, with correspondents in different countries.

Main investigators:

Jean-François Laslier is a senior researcher in Economics at the French National Center of Scientific Research (CNRS) and a member of the Paris School of Economics. A specialist in the theory of collective choice, his current research focuses on the theory of democracy, voting, and electoral competition. He conducted experiments, in the field and in the lab, designed to better understand the behavior of voters. See his personal page.

André Blais is a professor in the Department of Political Science of the Université de Montréal (Canada). He is a member of the Royal Society of Canada. His research themes are elections, voting rules, electoral participation, public opinion, and methodology. He is the director of the international project MEDW (Making Electoral Democracy Work) which finances the site EuroVotePlus website. See his personal page and the Making Electoral Democracy Work website.

Karine Van der Straeten is a researcher in Economics at the French National Center of Scientific Research (CNRS). She is a member of the Toulouse School of Economics. She has published articles in scientific journals in Economics and in Political Science. Her research focuses essentially on the theory of collective choice, in particular on models of political institutions, and on Public Economics and Political Economy. See her personal page.

Luc Arrondel is a senior researcher at the CNRS and professor at the Paris School of Economics. He mainly works on household finace. He also runs, with Richard Duhautois a seminar on "Football and Social Sciences". Page web and Séminaire "Football et Sciences sociales".

Chris Anderson is an award-winning social scientist and football industry adviser. Together with David Sally, he is the author of “The Numbers Game: Why Everything You Know About Football Is Wrong."

David Sally is a former baseball pitcher and now a visiting professor at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College, where he analyses the strategies and tactics people use when they play, compete, negotiate, and make decisions. He is an adviser to clubs and other organizations in global soccer.

Markus Brill is a postdoctoral researcher at TU Berlin. After obtaining a Ph.D. in computer science from TU Munich in 2012, he has worked at Duke University and at the University of Oxford. His research focuses on axiomatic and computational aspects of social choice and game theory. See his personal page.

Sri Srikandan, IT Architect, CREST — École polytechnique, CNRS & GENES — CASD.



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Département de science politique
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